It’s Jupiter season! Everything to know about the king of the solar system

Jupiter, the colossal gas giant and largest planet in our solar system, is currently the star of the night sky, offering a spectacular viewing opportunity. Known for its rapid rotation, completing a day in just 10 hours, Jupiter’s most iconic feature is the Great Red Spot, a massive storm larger than Earth itself, which has been active for nearly 150 years but is now showing signs of shrinking.

Astronomers have discovered 95 moons orbiting Jupiter, with the four largest—Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto—visible through backyard telescopes since 1610. The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), positioned a million miles from Earth, has recently provided stunning infrared images of Jupiter, revealing its dynamic atmosphere, auroras, ring system, and several moons, along with a rapid jet stream with winds of 320 miles per hour.

NASA’s Juno spacecraft has been exploring Jupiter since 2016, conducting 57 flybys and capturing detailed images of its turbulent atmosphere and moons. A recent close encounter with Io, Jupiter’s volcanic moon, offered the closest view since 2001, hinting at possible new geological features.

For those eager to witness Jupiter’s grandeur, it shines brightly in the southeastern sky after dark, outshining other celestial bodies with its steady cream-colored glow. Even with binoculars, one can discern Jupiter’s disk, while small telescopes reveal its cloud bands and moons. Larger telescopes allow viewers to spot the Great Red Spot, visible every evening until April.

For those interested in learning more about astronomy, Dean Regas, an astronomer and author, offers online classes to explore celestial wonders from home, with the next session scheduled for January 10.
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